How Internet of Things is changing the future of the farm ?

Introduction

Smart agriculture is the way of improving farming with emerging technology.Innovations in farming are still going on since the invention of the wheel and the plough, the industry has been adopting new tools and ways of working for years.Today, as we move into the era of the high-tech farm, technologies are emerging which disrupt the way farmers monitor, manage and view every aspect of agriculture. Internet of Things brought tremendous revolution in farming Industry.

What is smart agriculture?

There are many ways to refer to modern agriculture. For example, AgriTech refers to the application of technology in agriculture. Smart agriculture, on the other hand, is mostly used to indicate the application of IoT solutions in agriculture. Although smart agriculture IoT, as well as industrial IoT in general, aren’t as popular as consumer connected devices; yet the market is still very dynamic. The adoption of IoT solutions for agriculture is constantly growing.

AWS Architecture and Data Collection

In traditional outdoor large-area farming, there has been a revolution in using key technologies such as communications networks and networked sensors to monitor crop conditions and the environment. Agricultural sensors enable farmers to access real-time data from remote measurement tools that report on soil moisture, temperature and pH.

  • In Smart farming, end node with various sensors are deployed in farm which are connected to the IoT Gateway Device.This gateway has inbuilt GPS and 4G capability.Sensors can measure insolation (the amount of sun over a given area), rainfall, wind speed, air temperature and humidity etc.
  • Data which is collected at Gateway is then send to through MQTT protocol over the internet to AWS IoT Core for collection, storeing, and analyzing device data.
  • Then this data will be stream through Amazon Kinesis Data Streams (KDS) which is a massively scalable and durable real-time data streaming service.The data collected is available in milliseconds to enable real-time analytics use cases such as real-time dashboards.
  • Data will be store in Infulx DB which is fast, high-availability storage and retrieval of time series data in fields such as operations monitoring, application metrics, Internet of Things sensor data, and real-time analytics.
  • This data can be use for further analysis and turning to automated equipment of smart farming. Using technology, they can plant, water, maintain and harvest crops with the highest efficiency, which helps to improve the use of land, resources and time.

The Benefits of smart farming

  • Data, tons of data, collected by smart agriculture sensors, e.g.weather conditions, soil quality, crop’s growth progress or cattle’s health.This data can be used to track the state of your business in general as well as staff performance, equipment efficiency, etc. 
  • It Provide better control over the internal processes and, as a result, lower production risks. The ability to foresee the output of your production allows you to plan for better product distribution. If you know exactly how much crops you are going to harvest, you can make sure your product won’t lie around unsold.
  • Cost management and waste reduction thanks to the increased control over the production. Being able to see any anomalies in the crop growth or livestock health, you will be able to mitigate the risks of losing your yield.
  • Increased business efficiency through process automation. By using smart devices, you can automate multiple processes across your production cycle, e.g. irrigation, fertilizing, or pest control.
  • Enhanced product quality and volumes. Achieve better control over the production process and maintain higher standards of crop quality and growth capacity through automationAs a result, all of these factors can eventually lead to higher revenue.

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